The official name of Denmark is the Kingdom of Denmark.
Denmark shares a land border with Germany and is connected to Sweden by a bridge.
The official language of Denmark is Danish which is a language similar to Norwegian and Swedish.
Denmark has a population of just over 5.5 million people (5,556,452) as of July 2013.
The capital city of Denmark is Copenhagen, located on the island of Zealand. With historical palaces and gardens and the world-famous Tivoli amusement park in downtown Copenhagen, it is the most visited of all Nordic cities.
LEGO was invented in Denmark. Legoland and the company headquarters are located in Billund, on the Jutland peninsula.
Along with the Jutland Peninsula, there are 443 named islands in Denmark. Over 70 of these islands are inhabited, with the largest two being Zealand and Funen.
The Kingdom of Denmark also includes the self-governing territories of the Faroe Islands and Greenland in the north Atlantic Ocean.
Denmark is a relatively flat country with the highest natural point, Møllehøj, rising to just 170.86 m (561 ft) and the country's average height above sea level is only 31 m (102 ft).
Around 65% of Denmark is farmland and 11% woodlands. Denmark also has many beautiful beaches around its coastline.
International surveys and studies often rank Denmark as the happiest place in the world based on standards of health, welfare, and education.
Danish Vikings invaded Western Europe and ventured as far as North Africa during the 9th and 10th centuries.
Denmark is part of the European Union, but the country decided to retain its own currency the Danish krone.
As of 2013, Denmark has 14 Nobel laureates, mainly in Literature (4) and Physiology or Medicine (5). With a relatively small population this is one of the highest numbers of Nobel laureates per capita in the world.
Jørn Utzon, was a famous Danish architect who designed the Sydney Opera House in Australia, becoming only the 2nd person to have their work recognised as a World Heritage Site while they were still alive.
Danish author and poet Hans Christian Andersen wrote notable fairytales such as "The Emperor's New Clothes", "The Little Mermaid" and "The Ugly Duckling".
Denmark's national sport is football (soccer). The national team won the European Championships in 1992. Denmark is also a strong cycling nation with Bjarne Riis winning the Tour de France in 1996 and as of 2012 the national men's handball team have won the most medals in European Championship history.
First acknowledged in 1219, the Danish flag remains the oldest state flag in the world still in use by an independent nation.
For more information, check out maps of Denmark or take a closer look at the Danish flag.