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Fun Metal Facts for Kids

Alkali Metals Facts & PropertiesAlkali Metals

Enjoy these interesting alkali metals facts and properties. Learn what makes lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, caesium and francium different from other metals in the periodic table of elements.

To watch the extremely reactive alkali metals in action check out this awesome video of alkali metals exploding in water.
 


Lithium (Li)
Atomic number 3
Under normal conditions lithium is the lightest of all metals. Lithium only appears naturally as part of a compound.
Lithium
Sodium (Na)
Atomic number 11
Sodium is a silvery white metal that is soft enough to be cut with a knife at room temperature.
Sodium
Potassium (K)
Atomic number 19
Potassium only occurs in nature as ionic salt. It is found as part of minerals and dissolved in sea water.
Potassium
Rubidium (Rb)
Atomic number 37
Rubidium was discovered in 1861. It gives a reddish violet color when burned in a a flame.
Rubidium
Caesium (Cs)
Atomic number 55
Caesium has a melting point of 28 °C (83 °F), is one of only five metals that are liquid at or near room temperature (the others being mercury, francium, gallium and rubidium).
Caesium
Francium (Fr)
Atomic number 87
Francium was the last element discovered in nature and it is extremely rare, scientists predict that only 20 to 30 grams of it exists on Earth.
Francium

 

 

 

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