Historically, Bangladesh is prone to monsoon flooding and cyclones due to its unique geographic make up. The country is almost entirely flat and is dominated by the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta where the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers make their way down from the Himalayas and converge on the lowlands.
For such a large population, Bangladesh is a relatively small country, 147,570 km² (56,977 mi²), making it one of the world's most densely populated countries.
The largest city and capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka. As of 2023, the city has an estimated population of over 23 million people, making it one of the largest cities in the world. It is known as the "City of Mosques".
In 1947, a Bengal area was divided off from India and became the eastern area of the new country called Pakistan, the western part of which was on the other side of India. East Pakistan rebelled with a Civil war in 1971, and gained independence from the West (Pakistan) to become the country of Bangladesh.
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