Scotland is located in Europe, at the northern end of Great Britain.
Scotland is a part on the United Kingdom, along with England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Scotland shares a border with England.
Scotland includes over 700 islands. These include groups called Orkney, Shetland and the Hebrides.
The population of Scotland in 2023 was around 5.5 million.
The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh while the largest city is Glasgow. Other major cities include Aberdeen and Dundee.
Aberdeen has become an important centre for the oil industry after the finding of oil in the North Sea.
The highest mountain in Scotland is Ben Nevis which stands at a height of 1344 metres (4409 feet).
The Scottish Highlands are a mountainous region of Scotland with historical importance and a low population density.
Most major cities are located in the Scottish Lowlands.
A variety of wildlife can be found in Scotland, including seals, mountain hare, ptarmigan, stoats and the golden eagle.
Scotland has over 300 railway stations.
Scottish drivers use the left-hand side of the road.
Scotland has a unique culture with traditions such as bagpipes, kilts and highland dancing.
In 1872, Scotland played England in the first international game of football (soccer). The result was a 0-0 draw.
The fictional detective Sherlock Holmes was created by Scottish writer Arthur Conan Doyle.
The thistle is a national symbol of Scotland.
For more information, check out maps of Scotland or take a closer look at the Scottish flag.